References

1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, December 28). HPV and Men – Fact Sheet. Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv-and-men.htm.

2National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. (2019, January 24). Facts About HPV For Adults. Retrieved October 2, 2020, from https://www.nfid.org/infectious-diseases/facts-about-human-papillomavirus-hpv-for-adults.

3Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, August 20). Genital HPV Infection – Fact Sheet. Retrieved May 28, 2020, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm.

4World Health Organization. (2011, July 18). WHO HPV LabNet Newsletter 08. Retrieved May 28, 2020, from http://www.who.int/biologicals/areas/human_papillomavirus/HPV_LabNet_Newsletter_8.pdf.

5World Health Organization. (n.d.). Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/human-papillomavirus-(hpv)-and-cervical-cancer.

6Hamborsky, J., Kroger, A., & Wolfe, C. (2015). Epidemiology and prevention of vaccine-preventable diseases (13th ed.). Public Health Foundation.

7Chesson, H. W., Dunne, E. F., Hariri, S., & Markowitz, L. E. (2014). The estimated lifetime probability of acquiring human papillomavirus in the United States. Sexually transmitted diseases, 41(11), 660–664. https://doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000193.

8Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5912a1.htm.

9Alemany, L., Saunier, M., Alvarado-Cabrero, I., Quirós, B., Salmeron, J., Shin, H. R., Pirog, E. C., Guimerà, N., Hernandez-Suarez, G., Felix, A., Clavero, O., Lloveras, B., Kasamatsu, E., Goodman, M. T., Hernandez, B. Y., Laco, J., Tinoco, L., Geraets, D. T., Lynch, C. F., Mandys, V., … HPV VVAP Study Group (2015). Human papillomavirus DNA prevalence and type distribution in anal carcinomas worldwide. International journal of cancer, 136(1), 98–107. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.28963.

10STI Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://www.dsc-clinic.sg/Patient-Care/Prevention and Education/STI/Pages/STI-Statistics.aspx

11Giuliano, A., Viscidi, R., Torres, N., Ingles, D., Sudenga, S., Villa, L., Baggio, M., Abrahamsen, M., Quiterio, M., Salmeron, J. and Lazcano-Ponce, E. (2015, December 1). Seroconversion Following Anal And Genital HPV Infection In Men: The HIM Study. 1st ed. Papillomavirus Res., pp.109-115.

12Khoo, K. B. (2019, March 21). HPV can cause cancers in both genders – so should boys be vaccinated too? Retrieved from https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/lifestyle/why-boys-are-exempted-from-the-hpv-vaccination-and-why-they-11357564.

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